Golang — Strategy Pattern

Golang — Strategy Pattern

The "Gang of Four" (GoF) patterns are a set of 23 design patterns that were defined by four authors in their book "Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software". The Strategy Pattern is one of the patterns defined in the book. In this article, we will discuss how to implement the Strategy Pattern in Golang.

What is the Strategy Pattern?

The Strategy Pattern is a behavioral design pattern that enables selecting an algorithm at runtime. This pattern defines a family of algorithms, encapsulates each one, and makes them interchangeable. The pattern lets the algorithm vary independently from the clients that use it.

Implement the Strategy Pattern

To implement the Strategy Pattern in Golang, we need to define an interface that declares the algorithm's methods. We then implement the interface for each algorithm we want to use. Finally, we define a context struct that has a field of the interface type. This context struct executes the algorithm's methods through the interface's field.

Here's an example of implementing the Strategy Pattern for sorting algorithms:

package main

import (

type Sorter interface {
    Sort([]int) []int

type BubbleSort struct{}

func (bs *BubbleSort) Sort(arr []int) []int {
    // Bubble Sort implementation
    return arr

type InsertionSort struct{}

func (is *InsertionSort) Sort(arr []int) []int {
    // Insertion Sort implementation
    return arr

type Context struct {
    sorter Sorter

func (c *Context) SetSorter(sorter Sorter) {
    c.sorter = sorter

func (c *Context) ExecuteSort(arr []int) []int {
    return c.sorter.Sort(arr)

func main() {
    arr := []int{3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5, 3, 5}

    bubbleSort := &BubbleSort{}
    insertionSort := &InsertionSort{}

    context := &Context{}
    fmt.Println("Bubble Sort:", context.ExecuteSort(arr))

    fmt.Println("Insertion Sort:", context.ExecuteSort(arr))

In the above code, we defined the Sorter interface that declares the Sort method. We then implemented the BubbleSort and InsertionSort structs, which implement the Sorter interface. Finally, we defined the Context struct, which has a field of the Sorter interface type. The Context struct executes the Sort method through the interface's field.

We then created instances of the BubbleSort and InsertionSort structs and set them as the Context struct's Sorter field. Finally, we called the ExecuteSort method on the Context struct to execute the sort method through the Sorter interface.


The Strategy Pattern is a useful pattern for selecting an algorithm at runtime. In this article, we discussed how to implement the Strategy Pattern in Golang. We also provided a code example to demonstrate how to implement the pattern.


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